ECG personalization engine for optimizing cognitive training
Cognitive training is considered one of the major interventions that have the potential to slow cognitive decline in older adults, including those with MCI. Research from our lab shows that cognitive training modifies neural circuits that support multiple cognitive and functional domains, and the training effect on cognitive functions is relatively selective and transitory in older adults at risk for dementia. A possible solution is to consider the autonomic nervous system (ANS) response since it is strongly related to a broad spectrum of cognitive functions and brain circuits (e.g., central autonomic networks) in old age. Notably, ANS supports overall adaptation to environmental demands (regardless of neurodegeneration), and its regulatory capacity is related to better physiological, emotional, and cognitive regulation. By using emerging technologies and AI-driven analytical methods, we can personalize the cognitive training of a person by analyzing ECG features that are correlated to learning and brain function. With these characteristics, the cognitive training activities are modified in real-time. The goal of this study is to create a "personalization engine" that captures novel ECG patterns representing learning and brain function from our previous work and use such patterns to guide real-time adaptation of computerized cognitive training tasks. The “personalization engine” has the potential to strengthen the effect of existing cognitive training programs on slowing cognitive decline in general.
Develop a human-machine interface communication program for creating the “personalization engine”.
Test the feasibility of incorporating the “personalization engine” to a traditional cognitive training program in older adults with MCI.
Study recruitment occurs at Stanford University.
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COVID Procedures: We follow all NY state and University of Rochester Medical Center guidelines to ensure your and our staff's safety. A mask is required at all times when inside our facilities. We will conduct screening questionnaires and perform temperature checks upon your arrival and escort to our lab. All staff are screened daily and wear personal protective equipment (i.e., gloves, mask, face shield) during study visits. The number of staff and visitors to our lab is limited to those essential for in-person activities, and all interview rooms and equipment are disinfected regularly, as well as before and after each participant's appointment.